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Security is one of the main concerns when choosing an apartment complex to call home. Most of us place a great deal of trust in apartment management to provide a secure environment. But what happens when that trust is betrayed? If you have been the victim of a crime or suffered injuries within an apartment complex, you might be wondering whether you can hold the management responsible for negligent security. Let’s dive into the topic.

What Is Negligent Security?

Negligent security refers to the failure of a property owner or manager to provide reasonable security measures to protect residents and guests from foreseeable harm or criminal activities. In the context of an apartment complex, this can involve inadequate lighting, faulty door locks, lack of security cameras, or the absence of security personnel.

When Does Negligence Apply?

The concept of negligence typically implies a “duty of care” on the part of the property owner or manager. To establish negligence, the following elements generally need to be present:

  1. Duty of Care: The defendant owed you a duty to maintain reasonable security measures.
  2. Breach of Duty: The defendant failed to uphold that duty.
  3. Causation: The breach of duty directly resulted in your injury or loss.
  4. Damages: You suffered actual damages as a result (such as medical expenses, lost wages, or emotional distress).

Foreseeability: A Key Component

One of the critical factors in determining negligence is foreseeability. Was the criminal act foreseeable and, therefore, preventable? If an apartment complex is located in a high-crime area and yet lacks basic security measures, the likelihood of proving that the crime was foreseeable increases. Prior incidents of crime in the area or within the complex itself can also bolster the case for foreseeability.

Case Examples

Courts have found apartment complexes liable for negligent security in various instances. In one case, a resident was attacked in a parking lot that had been the site of numerous prior assaults. The court determined that the complex had failed to provide adequate lighting and security patrols, thereby neglecting its duty of care to residents.

In another case, a tenant was assaulted due to a faulty lock on a communal entrance. The court found that the complex was aware of the defect but had failed to rectify it, resulting in the breach of its duty of care.

Steps to Take If You’re a Victim

If you believe you have been a victim of negligent security in an apartment complex, consider the following steps:

  1. Consult a Lawyer: Contact an attorney who specializes in premises liability or personal injury law.
  2. Document Everything: Take photographs, collect witness statements, and maintain a record of correspondence with the management.
  3. Medical Records: Keep detailed records of any medical treatments related to the incident.
  4. File a Report: Notify local law enforcement and file a formal report.


It is possible to sue an apartment complex for negligent security, but each case is highly fact-specific. A successful lawsuit typically involves demonstrating that the complex had a duty of care, failed in that duty, and that this failure resulted in foreseeable harm.

Need Legal Assistance?

If you or someone you know has been a victim of negligent security by an an apartment complex in Texas, we at El Mazi Law are here to help you. Contact us today for a free consultation. Send us a message from the form below to get started:

Getting bitten by a police K9 is not only painful but can also be emotionally traumatizing. It’s crucial to know how to react correctly to minimize physical injury and legal complications. Here is a step-by-step guide on what to do in such a situation:

Immediate Steps

1. Do Not Resist

Resisting may result in further aggression from the K9 or the police officers. Keep your hands visible and follow the commands from law enforcement.

2. Inform the Officer

Immediately tell the police officer in charge of the dog that you have been bitten. This is crucial for documenting the event and is the first step in medical treatment.

3. Seek Medical Attention

Even if the injury seems minor, it’s crucial to get medical care as soon as possible. Dog bites can lead to infections or other complications if not treated promptly.

Document the Incident

4. Get the Details

Write down the badge numbers and names of all police officers present, as well as any other identifying details (patrol car numbers, location, etc.).

5. Collect Witness Information

If there are any eyewitnesses, gather their contact information for future reference.

6. Take Photos

If possible, take photographs of your injuries, the location where the incident occurred, and any other relevant details (like the K9 unit vehicle).

Legal Steps

7. File a Report

File a formal police report about the incident. Even if you’re under arrest or detained, you have the right to document the incident through official channels.

8. Consult an Attorney

Contact an attorney who specializes in police misconduct or personal injury cases. An experienced lawyer can help you understand your rights and what compensation you may be entitled to.

9. Maintain Records

Keep all medical records, legal documents, and any other paperwork related to the incident. These could be essential for any legal action you may take later.

Psychological Care

10. Seek Counseling

A dog bite, particularly from a police K9, can be a traumatic event. Consider seeking psychological counseling to cope with any emotional or psychological after-effects.


11. Confirm Rabies Vaccination

Confirm with the police department that the K9 is up-to-date on all vaccinations, including rabies. This information is crucial for your healthcare provider to decide on your course of treatment.

12. Watch for Symptoms

Keep an eye on the bite wound and be alert for signs of infection such as redness, swelling, or increased pain, as well as general symptoms like fever or fatigue.

Remember, each situation is unique, and it’s always advisable to consult professionals for both medical advice. We at El Mazi Law can help you seek justice if you are bitten by a police K-9.

Need Legal Assistance?

If you or someone you know has been bitten by a police k-9 in Texas, we at El Mazi Law are here to help you. Contact us today for a free consultation. Send us a message from the form below to get started:

Police brutality is a critical and increasingly visible issue in the United States. While most law enforcement officers are committed to maintaining public safety and following the law, instances of police misconduct do occur. If you believe you’ve been a victim of police brutality in Texas, you may feel overwhelmed, confused, and unsure of how to proceed. Although I am not a legal expert, this blog aims to provide some guidance on the steps you can take to protect your rights and seek justice.

Immediate Steps to Take

1. Seek Medical Attention

Your health is your first priority. If you’ve been physically harmed, it’s essential to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Medical professionals can evaluate and document your injuries, providing a crucial piece of evidence should you decide to pursue legal action.

2. Gather Evidence

If circumstances permit, try to collect as much evidence as possible at the scene. This includes:

  • Names and badge numbers of the officers involved
  • Contact information for any witnesses
  • Photos or video footage of the incident or your injuries

3. Stay Calm and Compliant

While it may be difficult, remaining calm is crucial. Even if you feel you’re being mistreated, resisting arrest could result in additional charges against you. Compliance does not admit guilt; it simply minimizes further potential harm and legal complications.

Legal Steps to Consider

1. File a Complaint

Report the incident to the internal affairs division of the police department or other relevant oversight bodies as soon as you can. This step is vital for officially getting your allegations on record. Procedures can vary depending on the jurisdiction, so make sure to find out the specific process for your area.

2. Consult an Attorney

Finding a lawyer experienced in civil rights or police misconduct cases can be invaluable. They can guide you through the complexities of the legal system and help you understand your options, which may include filing a civil suit.

3. Preserve All Evidence

Hold onto any and all documentation related to the incident—this includes medical records, photos of injuries, and witness statements. Your attorney will need these to help build your case.

4. Follow Legal Advice

Your attorney may suggest additional steps like filing complaints with state or federal oversight organizations or proceeding directly to a lawsuit. Make sure to follow their advice closely for the best chance of achieving a favorable outcome.

Other Considerations

1. Contact the Media and Advocacy Groups

Public attention can sometimes put pressure on authorities to act responsibly. However, be sure to consult with your attorney before speaking to the media or advocacy groups as it can also complicate your legal situation.

2. Community Support

There are numerous community organizations and non-profits that offer resources, legal aid, or counseling for victims of police brutality. Don’t hesitate to reach out for additional support.

3. Ongoing Legal Proceedings

Keep abreast of any ongoing criminal cases against you, especially if they relate to the incident in question. Your attorney can guide you through managing both the civil and criminal aspects simultaneously.


If you believe you’ve been a victim of police brutality in Texas, taking prompt action and securing legal advice can significantly impact your ability to seek justice and hold the responsible parties accountable. We at El Mazi Law specialize in protecting your civil rights and making sure you receive justice if you are victimized by police.

Need Legal Assistance?

If you or someone you know has been a victim of police brutality, we at El Mazi Law are here to help you. Contact us today for a free consultation. Send us a message from the form below to get started:


It a nutshell…No.

In the realm of legal battles, not all heroes wear capes; some wear suits and wield their knowledge of the law as their weapon. These legal warriors are none other than contingency attorneys. In a world where justice can seem elusive, these attorneys stand as beacons of hope for individuals who may otherwise be unable to access legal representation due to financial constraints. This blog post sheds light on the role and significance of contingency attorneys in our legal system.

Understanding Contingency Attorneys

A contingency attorney is a legal professional who takes on cases on a contingency fee basis. This means that they agree to represent clients without charging any upfront fees. Instead, the attorney’s fee is contingent on the outcome of the case; they receive a percentage of the compensation awarded to the client if the case is successful. If the case is unsuccessful, the attorney generally does not receive a fee. This unique payment arrangement allows individuals with limited financial resources to pursue justice and seek legal remedies they might otherwise have been unable to afford.

Breaking Down the Benefits

  1. Access to Justice: One of the primary benefits of contingency attorneys is the increased access to justice they provide. Legal proceedings can be prohibitively expensive, deterring many individuals from pursuing their rightful claims. Contingency arrangements level the playing field, allowing even those with modest means to stand up against powerful entities.
  2. Motivation for Success: Contingency attorneys have a vested interest in the success of their clients’ cases. Their fees are directly tied to the outcome, which means they are highly motivated to achieve favorable results. This motivation often leads to dedicated and thorough representation, as the attorney’s success aligns with the client’s success.
  3. Risk Mitigation: By taking on cases on a contingency basis, these attorneys shoulder a significant portion of the financial risk associated with litigation. Clients can pursue justice without worrying about upfront legal fees or expenses. This arrangement also encourages attorneys to carefully evaluate the merits of a case before agreeing to represent a client.
  4. Incentive for Justice: Contingency attorneys often work on cases that involve seeking compensation for personal injuries, medical malpractice, workplace discrimination, and more. By offering their services without immediate financial burden, these attorneys give victims a chance to seek fair compensation, holding wrongdoers accountable for their actions.

Challenges and Considerations

While the role of contingency attorneys is undoubtedly significant, it’s important to note that not all cases are suitable for this fee arrangement. High-stakes and complex cases might require a different approach due to the uncertainty of the outcome and the potential investment of time and resources.

Additionally, there can be concerns about the potential for conflicts of interest if the attorney’s fee is tied to the compensation amount. It’s essential for both the attorney and the client to have a clear understanding of the fee arrangement and potential implications.


Contingency attorneys are more than legal representatives; they are champions of justice who enable individuals to seek resolution, compensation, and accountability in the face of adversity. Their commitment to providing access to justice, coupled with their motivation to secure positive outcomes, makes them an integral part of our legal system. At Elmazi Law, we as a firm will continue to advocate for the rights of the underrepresented and the marginalized to remind us that justice is not just a lofty ideal, but a tangible reality attainable for all.

Need Legal Assistance?

If you or someone you know are in need of a civil rights attorney, we at Elmazi Law are here to help you. Contact us today for a free consultation. Send us a message from the form below to get started:

When we see security guards at shopping malls, events, or other venues, we often feel reassured that our safety is being prioritized. However, what happens when the people entrusted with maintaining public order become the violators of your safety? If you’ve been assaulted by a security guard in the state of Texas, it’s essential to understand your rights and the steps you should take to seek justice.

Step 1: Ensure Immediate Safety

Before anything else, remove yourself from the dangerous situation and seek a safe location. This could be inside a store, with a crowd, or any area where you feel the risk of further assault is minimized.

Step 2: Seek Medical Attention

Your health and well-being are the top priorities. Even if you think your injuries are minor, it’s essential to seek medical attention immediately. Not only is this critical for your health, but medical records also serve as crucial evidence when proving the extent of your injuries.

Step 3: Report the Incident

In the state of Texas, it’s vital to report the assault to local law enforcement as soon as possible. Make sure to give a detailed account of the incident, and ask any witnesses to do the same. Remember to obtain a copy of the police report, as this will be essential when making a claim or filing a lawsuit.

Step 4: Collect Evidence

Documentation is critical when proving your case. In addition to medical records and the police report, gather any other evidence that can help your claim:

  • Photographs of injuries
  • Surveillance footage
  • Witness contact information
  • Any other documents related to the incident (employment records for the security guard, event tickets, etc.)

Step 5: Consult an Attorney

Given the complexities surrounding assault cases—especially involving authority figures like security guards—it’s strongly advised that you consult an attorney experienced in personal injury law in Texas. We at El Mazi Law can guide you through the legal process, from filing a claim to possibly taking your case to trial.

Possible Legal Recourses

Criminal Charges

In Texas, assault is a criminal offense that can range from a misdemeanor to a felony, depending on the severity of the act and injuries incurred. Law enforcement will typically handle the criminal aspect of the case.

Civil Litigation

As a victim, you may also have grounds for civil action against the security guard or their employer. Civil lawsuits aim to compensate the victim for damages, such as medical expenses, lost wages, and emotional distress.

Regulatory Action

Security guards in Texas are often licensed by the Texas Department of Public Safety’s Private Security Bureau. Filing a complaint against the offending guard may lead to an investigation and possible revocation of their license.


If you’ve been assaulted by a security guard in Texas, it can feel like a deeply unsettling breach of trust. However, know that you have legal rights and avenues for redress. The most important first step is to consult a qualified attorney who can guide you through this complex legal journey and help you seek the justice and compensation you deserve.

Need Legal Assistance?

If you or someone you know has been assaulted by a security guard in Texas, we at El Mazi Law are here to help you. Contact us today for a free consultation. Send us a message from the form below to get started:


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